If your formula-fed baby is irritable, wakeful or refuses to feed at times, this may cause you to wonder if her baby formula is the cause. You might be considering switching **Infant Formula** but are unsure which to choose. **Furilac Nutritions**, one of the **top manufacturers of infant formula in India** manufactures and deals in the best **Top 5 infant formulas in India**. This article may help you to select the most suitable formula for your baby.

**Reasons to switch formula **

If the cause of a bottle-fed baby’s restless or anxious behavior isn’t clear, most parents will eventually worry that the cause is formula-related pain. So, they tend to switch formulas, sometimes many times, hoping it helps. Usually not. In most cases, the cause of a baby’s discomfort is something other than pain, and therefore switching to formula won’t help.

However, there are some compelling reasons to change the type of formula your baby gets, such as:

- Milk allergy. Signs include vomiting, diarrhoea, skin rash, difficulty breathing, and poor growth.
- Signs of constipation are infrequent, hard, dry, and rocky stools.
- lactose intolerance. Signs include frequent watery diarrhoea after a recent gastrointestinal infection.

If your baby is experiencing discomfort or pain due to this digestive problem, the listed signs are obvious. Without these signs, it is unlikely that problem behaviors such as irritability, difficulty sleeping, or restlessness during feeding are caused by the baby’s unsuitable food. Another good reason to switch to infant formula could be cost or because certain formulas are easier to buy.

**Types of formula **

Most infant formulas are made from cow’s milk, goat’s milk or soy which have been modified to be suitable for infants. The quality of the protein has been improved, the salt content has been reduced and a variety of different fats, vitamins and minerals have been added to match its nutritional content as closely as possible to breast milk. This is far from a perfect match, as the exact chemical composition of human milk is largely unknown.

There are a number of types of infant formula on the market today. They fall into 3 major groups:

**Standard formulas –**Suitable for most healthy babies.**Special Formulas –**Developed for babies with special nutritional needs.**Message formulas –**It was created by formula manufacturers to gain more market share.

**Standard formulas **

Standard formulas include variations of the following:

- Cows’ milk
- Soy infant formula

** ****Cow’s milk formula**

Cow’s milk formulas are classified as whey or casein dominant, which describes the predominant type of protein in the formula. Formulas with a dominant whey content are easier to digest. Even though the casein dominant formula provides the same number of calories per ounce, it takes longer to digest. Casein dominant formulas are associated with an increased risk of constipation compared to whey dominant formulas.

**Soy Protein Formula**

Soy is not completely dairy because it is made from whole soybeans or soy protein isolate. Soy-based baby food contains neither cow’s milk protein nor lactose. Soy milk for babies was originally developed as a treatment for lactose intolerance and as an alternative for some babies who suffer from allergies to cow’s milk protein. About 50% of babies who are allergic to cow’s milk protein also have a reaction to soy protein.

**Specialized formulas**

There are a number of different types specialty formulas for babies with special nutritional needs. These include:

**Lactose-fee formulas**- AR formulas
- Partially hydrolysed formulas
- Low-iron formulas
- Extensively hydrolysed formulas
- Amino-acid based formulas
- High-energy formulas
- Other specialty formulas

** ****Lactose Free Formula (LF) – **Lactose-free means that all of the lactose (the main source of carbohydrates in milk) has been removed and replaced with other sugars such as corn syrup and sucrose (table sugar). **Lactose free formula**, sometimes called low lactose formula, means that only part of the lactose is replaced. Most of the LF and LR formulas are based on cow’s milk formulas with partial or complete removal of lactose. **L Zero** is one of the most effective formula available in the market.

**Low iron formula – **Infant formula currently available in the US is “iron fortified with about 12 milligrams of iron per litre” or “low iron with about 2 milligrams of iron per litre”. The AAP Nutrition Committee strongly recommends fortification of infant formula with iron to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency.

**Partially hydrolysed formula (HA) – **The partially hydrolysed formula is based on cow’s milk, but the protein molecules in this formula are partially broken down into smaller molecules that are less likely to cause an allergic reaction.

**Extensive Hydrolysis Formula (EHF) – **EHF is made from cow’s milk or soy protein, but these proteins have been extensively hydrolysed (broken down) into smaller molecules. As a result, the protein in EHF is less likely to cause an allergic reaction than the other formulas mentioned above.

**Amino Acid Formula (AAF) – **These formulas are sometimes called elemental or ultrahydrolyzed formulas. This formula is not made from milk; instead, they are produced synthetically from amino acids, the nonallergenic building blocks of all proteins.

**High Energy Infant Formula (HEIF) – **HEIF contains more calories and nutrients per ounce than regular formula. HEIF’s energy content can range from 10 to 50 percent more calories per ounce than regular formula. Most also contain higher levels or protein.

** ****Other special baby milk**

There are a number of formulas designed for babies with special nutritional needs due to genetic conditions.

**Novelty formulas**

Formula makers are allowed to manipulate standard formula compositions in regulations to make various formulas. As a result, the number of new infant formulas on the market that claim to be effective in solving problems normally experienced by healthy babies continues to increase every year. Examples include:

- Colic formula
- Hungry Baby formula
- Sleepless baby formula
- Diarrhea formula
- Constipation formula
- Follow-on or Step 2 formula
- Toddler formula

Although minor manipulations in formula are unlikely to harm the baby, there is no evidence that formula makes any difference in treating common problems compared to standard formula.

** ****More about infant formula**

**Forms**

Infant formula comes in 3 different forms:

- Ready-to-use (the most expensive)
- Concentrated liquid
- Powder (the cheapest)

One form of the formula is not better than the other. When prepared for feeding according to formula manufacturers’ recommendations, these different forms of formula are equivalent in terms of nutritional content.

**Brand**

Regulations for the manufacture of infant formula are very strict in most countries. This means that different brands of the same type of formula have very similar nutritional values. With the exception of some hypoallergenic and high-energy formulas, differences between brands of formula usually reflect only minor manipulations of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and/or vitamin content.

Remember that formula manufacturing is a multi-billion dollar a year industry. Formula manufacturers are constantly competing for a larger share of the market and will use clever marketing strategies to convince consumers that their formula is better than others. When choosing formula for your baby, the most expensive baby formula is not necessarily the best.

** ****Calorie Content**

With the exception of high-energy formulas, all formulas provide the same amount of energy (calories) per ounce (20 calories per ounce or 67 calories per 100ml).

Most healthy babies adjust their daily food intake based on calories rather than volume. Modify formula generator instructions, e.g., B. add more spoonful to the recommended amount of water, or add something to your baby’s formula, e.g., Thickeners, rice porridge, added carbohydrates or oil after cooking and this increases the number of calories. Increase the calorie content and you may find that the amount of milk your baby consumes during the day decreases.